Regional Resource Centre for Cluster Development
Indian Institute of Entrepreneurship (IIE) was strengthened by creation of a specialized wing under the aegis of DC-MSME called Regional Resource Center for Cluster Development (RRC) in 2008 to carry out all activities related to Cluster Development in the NE Region. This center has been constantly engaged in developing and adopting need specific development approach to meet the realities of the NE Region. It is also responsible for overall programme implementation and monitoring.
The cluster development methodology followed by RRC has the following components:
- Pre-Diagnostic & Diagnostic Studies (PDSR)
- Diagnostic Study Report (DSR)
- Cluster Soft Component (Training, Capacity building, Product Development & Marketing etc) or the soft intervention and
- The Hard Component or the Hard Intervention during which Common Facility Centres (CFCs) are installed in the cluster
for common use.
- Follow up and monitoring
Cluster Development in NE India through Regional Resource Centre, IIE : The office of DC (MSME) Ministry of MSME's through the Micro and Small Enterprises Cluster Development Programme (MSECDP) has adopted a holistic approach for development of clusters of Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs). The programme envisages measures for capacity building, skill development, technology upgradation of the enterprises, improved credit delivery, marketing support, setting up of common facility centers etc., based on diagnostic studies carried out in consultation with cluster units and their collectives and management of cluster-wide facilities by the cluster collectives. Following the initiatives of DC-MSME, IIE, Guwahati adopted the first cluster on the Cane and Bamboo selected for the State of Nagaland in Dimapur in the year 2006. Since its implementation,
IIE took up yet another cluster, the Imphal East Handloom cluster under DC-Handloom, Ministry of Textiles, and Government of India in the year 2007. Since then, it has been a learning experience for IIE in implementing, experimenting, converging and experiencing the cluster based approach for development of the MSME sector across the North Eastern Region.
IIE was designated as a Technical Agency for handholding and monitoring the clusters under the Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries (SFURTI) for the Khadi & Village Industries Commission and Coir Board. In the year 2008, IIE was mandated to start a Regional Resource Centre (RRC) on cluster development with its nodal office in Guwahati and sub centers in all the seven other States of NER. Through the office of DC (MSME) under the MSE-CDP Scheme, soft intervention has been carried out in 278 clusters in India. Out of the total, in the NER, soft intervention has been taken up in 21 clusters by Regional Resource Center, IIE.
Objectives of the RRC :
- Identify MSME clusters to be taken up for development and provide training assistance for cluster development.
- Prepare action plans for the development of identified clusters and ensure implementation of the action plans.
- Provide handholding services and strategic intervention assistance for tangible results.
- Facilities developing networks in forward and backward linkages.
- Evaluate and monitor cluster development programmes.
- Undertake research & documentation activities on cluster development.
The various activities carried out by IIE through the Regional Resource Centre for cluster implementation in the North Eastern Region of India are highlighted below:
- Identification of Clusters through a participatory approach by organising sensitisation workshops involving different stakeholders and discussions with Industries Department.
- Conducting pre-diagnostic studies for identifying MSME clusters. Till date 107 such pre-diagnostic studies have been carried out to identify different pockets of possible MSME clusters across the North Eastern Region.
- Conducting Diagnostic Studies for the MSME, SFURTI and Handloom clusters. Thus far, IIE has completed 44 diagnostic studies for MSME clusters, including clusters under SFURTI and Ministry of Textiles.
- Implementing MSME clusters through soft interventions in 20 MSME clusters and through hard interventions like completing the Common Facility Centre (CFC) in the Imphal East Handloom cluster, completing the DPR for two other MSME clusters and continuing with another DPR for the Jewellery cluster in Manipur.
- Implementation of the Design Clinic Scheme of the Ministry of MSME.
- Monitoring and handholding clusters.
- Documentation of Clusters.